Cart empty
My Cart
Checkout

Map selector

Select

South Africa - download topographic map set

South Africa - download topographic map set Total in map set351 maps of1,7Gb
Updated inJanuary 2015 (added 33 maps)
$41
Add to cart
In order to view additional information go to images of maps coverage and click on the map square concerned. The latest added maps are indicated in yellow.
Download topographic maps coverage for Google Earth: south-africa--maps.kmz
Maps Size Language Price
Soviet military 1:200 000 (~1980) 221 1,2Gb Russian $18
Add to cart
Soviet military 1:500 000 (~1980) 35 85Mb Russian $5
Add to cart
Soviet military 1:1 000 000 (~1980) 1 3Mb Russian $1
Add to cart
US Joint operational 1:250 000 (~1973) 22 0,1Gb English $5
Add to cart
US military 1:250 000 (~1956) 52 0,2Gb English $7
Add to cart
US military 1:1 000 000 (~1957) 11 38Mb English $3
Add to cart
US military 1:2 000 000 (~1968) 4 27Mb English $1
Add to cart
US military 1:1 000 000 (~1980) 5 35Mb English $1
Add to cart

View topographic map xi34-05 View topographic map xh33-24 in the area of Kamieskroon View topographic map xg35-20 in the area of Karmeel, Mabidago, Sannieshof View topographic map xg35-33 in the area of Welkon View topographic map xh34-19 View topographic map xi34-14 View topographic map xf36-25 in the area of Makonde View topographic map xg34-11 View topographic map xi34-16 View topographic map xf35-35 in the area of Limburg, Steilloopbrug, Vlakpan View topographic map xg35-27 in the area of Hartebeestfontein, Ottosdal View topographic map xg34-08 View topographic map xg34-14 in the area of Akanaus Sud, Eindpaal View topographic map xi35-04 View topographic map xh35-13 in the area of Kraankuil, Oranjerivier, Witput View topographic map xg34-15 View topographic map xg35-12 View topographic map xg35-24 View topographic map xh33-36 View topographic map xg34-09 View topographic map xi34-01 in the area of Graafwater View topographic map xh34-35 in the area of Meltonwald View topographic map xh34-04 in the area of Kanoneiland, Louisvalle View topographic map xh35-04 View topographic map xh33-05 in the area of Sendelingsdrif, Grootderm View topographic map xg36-14 View topographic map xh35-36 View topographic map xf35-30 in the area of Hardepad, Waterpoort, Bandelierkop View topographic map xi35-13 View topographic map xf36-20 View topographic map xh36-03 View topographic map xg36-08 in the area of White River View topographic map xh34-13 in the area of Gamoep, Silverfontein View topographic map xg35-14 in the area of Magobistad, Magoriapitse, Ramah View topographic map xi35-07 View topographic map xg35-08 in the area of Moshenang, Ramotswa, Selukolela View topographic map xh34-31 in the area of Lutzville, Heerenlogement View topographic map xh35-25 in the area of Hanover Road View topographic map xg35-19 in the area of Piet Plessis, Mosita View topographic map xg35-28 in the area of Vereeniging, Vanderbijlpark, Wolwehoek View topographic map xg35-17 in the area of Pretoria View topographic map xi35-15 View topographic map xh34-12 View topographic map xg36-20 in the area of Mbabane, Usutu View topographic map xg34-35 in the area of Sutton, Dibeng View topographic map xh35-19 in the area of Potfontein, Houtkraal View topographic map xg35-36 View topographic map xi34-17 View topographic map xg34-30 in the area of Tsineng, Cassel View topographic map xh34-29 View topographic map xi35-10 in the area of East London View topographic map xh34-21 View topographic map xh36-01 in the area of Dannhauser View topographic map xi33-12 View topographic map xg35-10 View topographic map xh34-28 View topographic map xh35-28 View topographic map xh35-06 View topographic map xh34-36 in the area of Three Sisters View topographic map xi34-08 View topographic map xh35-08 View topographic map xh35-15 View topographic map xh35-10 in the area of Maseru View topographic map xg35-15 View topographic map xg36-03 View topographic map xg36-21 View topographic map xi34-07 View topographic map xg34-26 in the area of Klipdam View topographic map xh36-08 in the area of Darnall View topographic map xh35-33 View topographic map xh34-27 View topographic map xg34-33 in the area of Bokhara View topographic map xg36-02 View topographic map xg34-20 View topographic map xi34-11 View topographic map xh34-18 View topographic map xi34-27 View topographic map xh34-02 in the area of Hamab View topographic map xh34-23 View topographic map xg36-07 in the area of Graskop View topographic map xi34-02 in the area of Citrusdal View topographic map xi34-24 View topographic map xg36-15 in the area of Maputo View topographic map xh34-30 in the area of Merriman, Deelfontein, Driefontein View topographic map xg35-25 in the area of Jakkalsdraai, Louwna View topographic map xh35-22 View topographic map xf35-36 in the area of Houtbosdorp, Neandertal View topographic map xi34-10 in the area of Merweville View topographic map xg33-36 View topographic map xh35-16 View topographic map xh35-17 View topographic map xg36-01 View topographic map xh35-05 View topographic map xi35-06 View topographic map xf36-26 View topographic map xh35-24 View topographic map xh35-18 View topographic map xg36-32 View topographic map xg35-04 View topographic map xh36-25 View topographic map xh35-32 View topographic map xh34-06 in the area of Lime Acres, Lohatlha, Glosam View topographic map xg36-26 View topographic map xg35-11 View topographic map xg35-29 View topographic map xh34-15 in the area of Boomrivier, Koranderkolk View topographic map xf36-19 View topographic map xi35-05 View topographic map xf35-23 in the area of Tsetsebjwe, Mathathane View topographic map xg34-23 View topographic map xi34-23 View topographic map xh35-03 View topographic map xh34-05 in the area of Beeshoek View topographic map xg34-34 View topographic map xi35-14 in the area of Port Elizabeth, Uitenhage View topographic map xg34-36 in the area of Kikahela, Manyeding, Mothibi View topographic map xh34-22 in the area of Verneukpan View topographic map xf36-31 in the area of Hildreth Ridge, Leydsdorp, Moekets View topographic map xg36-33 View topographic map xh34-17 View topographic map xg36-27 View topographic map xh34-33 in the area of Middelpos View topographic map xi34-20 View topographic map xi34-26 View topographic map xi34-19 in the area of Kommetjie View topographic map xg35-18 View topographic map xg36-13 View topographic map xh33-30 View topographic map xh33-12 in the area of Vioolsdrif, Kotzenshoop View topographic map xh35-35 View topographic map xh36-07 View topographic map xh34-11 in the area of Westerberg View topographic map xh34-16 View topographic map xh34-26 View topographic map xh35-26 View topographic map xi35-02 View topographic map xi34-04 View topographic map xg35-23 in the area of Johannesburg, Benoni, Boksburg, Germiston, Springs View topographic map xg35-31 in the area of Norlim, Vaalboschhoek View topographic map xg35-26 in the area of Migdol View topographic map xg34-24 in the area of Morokweng, Perth View topographic map xh35-14 View topographic map xh35-21 View topographic map xg35-22 in the area of Soweto, Evaton, Roodeport, Carletonville, Krugersdorp View topographic map xf36-32 View topographic map xf35-34 View topographic map xg34-32 in the area of Davignab, Nabas View topographic map xg34-28 View topographic map xh35-01 in the area of Diamantmyn, Ulco View topographic map xh35-09 in the area of Bloemfontein View topographic map xh35-29 View topographic map xh36-14 in the area of Durban, Kwa-mashu View topographic map xg34-17 View topographic map xg35-21 View topographic map xi35-09 in the area of Alicedale View topographic map xh35-23 View topographic map xg34-22 View topographic map xi34-15 View topographic map xi34-13 in the area of Cape Town, Parow, Bellville, Nyanga, Hermon View topographic map xf35-28 in the area of Letsheng, Beauty View topographic map xh33-18 in the area of Komaggas, Grootmis View topographic map xg34-21 in the area of Twee Rivieren View topographic map xh35-30 View topographic map xh33-06 View topographic map xi34-03 View topographic map xg34-18 in the area of Terra Firma, Pomfret View topographic map xg34-27 in the area of Koopan-suid View topographic map xg34-12 View topographic map xg35-05 View topographic map xh35-31 in the area of Nieu-bethesda View topographic map xi35-01 View topographic map xg34-29 in the area of Dedeban, Floradora View topographic map xh35-11 View topographic map xh36-02 View topographic map xh36-19 View topographic map xi35-16 View topographic map xh36-09 View topographic map xg35-35 View topographic map xg36-09 View topographic map xh34-32 in the area of Doringbos, Die Bos View topographic map xg36-31 View topographic map xh35-02 View topographic map xi34-09 View topographic map xi34-21 View topographic map xg36-19 View topographic map xi35-19 View topographic map xi35-11 View topographic map xg36-25 View topographic map xh34-25 View topographic map xi35-03 View topographic map xg35-13 in the area of Vergelee, Makgori, Tshidilamolomo View topographic map xi34-12 View topographic map xi34-06 View topographic map xg35-30 View topographic map xh35-20 in the area of Norvalspont View topographic map xg35-09 View topographic map xh34-09 in the area of Marchand, Augrabies View topographic map xh35-34 View topographic map xi34-22 View topographic map xh35-27 in the area of Jamestown View topographic map xf35-29 in the area of Marnitz, Swartwater, Tolwe View topographic map xi34-18 in the area of Joubertina View topographic map xi35-08 View topographic map xh34-03 View topographic map xh36-13 in the area of Pietermaritzburg, Pinetown, Edendale, Queensburgh View topographic map xi35-20 View topographic map xg35-32 View topographic map xh34-24 in the area of Omdraavlei, Smartt Syndicate View topographic map xh35-12 View topographic map xh33-17 View topographic map xf35-24 in the area of Brombeek, Evangelina, Maramani View topographic map xh34-08 in the area of Pella View topographic map xh34-20 View topographic map xh33-11 View topographic map xg35-03 View topographic map xg35-16 in the area of Derby View topographic map xh34-14 View topographic map xh34-10 in the area of Putsonderwater View topographic map xh34-34 View topographic map xh34-07 in the area of Goodhouse View topographic map xg35-06

Soviet military 1:200 000 (~1980): 221 maps

$18
Add to cart

View topographic map xg35-4 in the area of Johannesburg, Vereeniging, Soweto, Evaton, Benoni View topographic map xi33-2 View topographic map xg34-1 in the area of Brukkaros, Eindpaal, Presopes View topographic map xg34-3 in the area of Bokhara, Davignab, Klipdam View topographic map xf35-3 in the area of Gonwapitse, Tewane, Khutse View topographic map xg35-2 in the area of Pretoria, Derby View topographic map xh34-1 in the area of Augrabies, Marchand, Boomrivier View topographic map xh34-3 in the area of Die Bos, Doringbos, Heerenlogement View topographic map xi35-3 View topographic map xg35-3 in the area of Welkon, Norlim, Jakkalsdraai, Vaalboschhoek View topographic map xg36-1 in the area of Maputo, White River, Graskop View topographic map xh35-4 View topographic map xh33-2 in the area of Grootderm, Sendelingsdrif, Grootmis View topographic map xh35-2 in the area of Maseru View topographic map xg33-4 in the area of Witputs, Elizabeth Bay, Haalenberg View topographic map xi35-1 in the area of Port Elizabeth, Uitenhage, Alicedale View topographic map xi34-3 in the area of Kommetjie View topographic map xh36-1 in the area of Durban, Pietermaritzburg, Kwa-mashu, Edendale, Pinetown View topographic map xg36-4 View topographic map xf35-4 in the area of Maasstroom, Vlakpan, Evangelina View topographic map xg34-2 in the area of Kukong, Pomfret, Terra Firma View topographic map xh33-4 in the area of Kamieskroon View topographic map xi34-2 in the area of Joubertina, Merweville View topographic map xf36-3 in the area of Mepuze, Catechane, Leydsdorp View topographic map xg35-1 in the area of Gaborone, Magobistad, Tshwabi, Magoriapitse View topographic map xh35-1 in the area of Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Oranjerivier, Witput, Heuningeskloof View topographic map xh34-2 in the area of Lime Acres, Beeshoek, Lohatlha View topographic map xi34-1 in the area of Cape Town, Nyanga, Paarl, Bellville, Graafwater View topographic map xi35-2 in the area of East London View topographic map xg34-4 in the area of Mothibi, Cassel, Dedeban View topographic map xi34-4 View topographic map xh36-3 View topographic map xh34-4 in the area of Smartt Syndicate, Three Sisters, Deelfontein View topographic map xg36-3 in the area of Mbabane, Usutu View topographic map xh35-3 in the area of Nieu-bethesda, Norvalspont, Hanover Road

Soviet military 1:500 000 (~1980): 35 maps

$5
Add to cart

View topographic map xh36 in the area of Durban, Pietermaritzburg, Kwa-mashu, Pinetown, Edendale

Soviet military 1:1 000 000 (~1980): 1 maps

$1
Add to cart

View topographic map sf35-15 in the area of Baltimore, Beauty, Marnitz View topographic map sf36-13 in the area of Hildreth Ridge, Leydsdorp, Moekets View topographic map sh34-01 in the area of Goodhouse, Haib Rhenish Mission, Hamab View topographic map sh33-03 View topographic map sg35-07 in the area of Pretoria, Derby View topographic map sg34-12 in the area of Cassel, Morokweng, Perth View topographic map sg35-06 View topographic map sg36-10 View topographic map sg36-06 in the area of Maputo View topographic map sg36-02 View topographic map sf35-11 in the area of Letsheng, Maasstroom, Maunatlala View topographic map si34-05 in the area of Cape Town, Bellville, Nyanga, Paarl, Hermon View topographic map sh35-16 View topographic map sg35-02 in the area of Gaborone, Ramotswa View topographic map sh35-04 View topographic map sh34-11 in the area of Verneukpan View topographic map sf36-14 in the area of Mabuiapanse, Majarenga, Meginge View topographic map sg35-11 in the area of Johannesburg, Soweto, Vereeniging, Evaton, Carletonville View topographic map sh35-02 View topographic map sh35-03 View topographic map si35-05 in the area of Uitenhage View topographic map sg35-04

US Joint operational 1:250 000 (~1973): 22 maps

$5
Add to cart

View topographic map sh35-12 View topographic map sg35-15 View topographic map sh34-09 View topographic map si35-07 in the area of East London View topographic map sh34-14 in the area of Die Bos, Middelpos View topographic map sh34-01 in the area of Goodhouse, Haib Rhenish Mission, Hamab View topographic map sh34-13 in the area of Doringbos, Heerenlogement, Lutzville View topographic map si35-06 in the area of Port Elizabeth, Alicedale View topographic map sh36-09 View topographic map si34-10 View topographic map si35-02 View topographic map sh33-04 in the area of Grootderm, Kotzenshoop, Sendelingsdrif View topographic map sh33-03 View topographic map sh34-05 in the area of Gamoep, Pella, Silverfontein View topographic map si34-03 in the area of Merweville View topographic map si34-06 View topographic map sh34-06 in the area of Boomrivier, Koranderkolk View topographic map sh33-12 in the area of Kamieskroon View topographic map sh35-14 in the area of Jamestown View topographic map si34-09 in the area of Kommetjie View topographic map si34-12 View topographic map si34-07 View topographic map sh35-16 View topographic map si35-05 in the area of Uitenhage View topographic map sh35-06 in the area of Bloemfontein View topographic map sg36-14 View topographic map sh35-15 View topographic map sh36-05 in the area of Durban, Pietermaritzburg, Kwa-mashu, Pinetown, Edendale View topographic map sg35-12 View topographic map si34-02 View topographic map si35-03 View topographic map sh36-06 View topographic map si35-04 View topographic map si35-09 View topographic map si35-01 View topographic map sf36-13 in the area of Hildreth Ridge, Leydsdorp, Moekets View topographic map sg36-09 in the area of Mbabane, Usutu View topographic map si34-01 in the area of Citrusdal, Graafwater View topographic map sh35-03 View topographic map sh35-04 View topographic map sh35-11 View topographic map sg35-11 in the area of Johannesburg, Soweto, Vereeniging, Evaton, Carletonville View topographic map si34-11 View topographic map sh36-01 in the area of Dannhauser View topographic map sh34-15 View topographic map si34-08 in the area of Joubertina View topographic map sh33-16 View topographic map sh33-08 in the area of Grootmis, Komaggas View topographic map si34-04 View topographic map sg35-16 View topographic map sg36-13 View topographic map sh35-08

US military 1:250 000 (~1956): 52 maps

$7
Add to cart

View topographic map sh35 in the area of Lesotho, Bloemfontein, Kimberley, Maseru, Salt Lake View topographic map sh34 in the area of Augrabies, Deelfontein, Meltonwald View topographic map sg36 in the area of Swaziland, Maputo, Xai Xai, Mbabane, Chidenguele View topographic map sg35 in the area of Johannesburg, Pretoria, Vereeniging, Soweto, Evaton View topographic map si35 in the area of Port Elizabeth, East London, Uitenhage, Alicedale View topographic map sh33 in the area of Kamieskroon, Vioolsdrif, Komaggas View topographic map si34 in the area of Cape Town, Nyanga, Bellville, Paarl, Kommetjie View topographic map sf35 in the area of Bulawago, Francistown, Gonwapitse, Maramani, Mmatshumo View topographic map sh36 in the area of Durban, Pietermaritzburg, Kwa-mashu, Edendale, Pinetown View topographic map sf36 in the area of Inhambane, Pembe, Antonio, Magandene, Xecuecuete View topographic map sh33-34 in the area of Kamieskroon, Silverfontein, Koranderkolk

US military 1:1 000 000 (~1957): 11 maps

$3
Add to cart

View topographic map 36 in the area of Lesotho, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Bloemfontein, East London View topographic map 35 in the area of Cape Town, Paarl, Bellville, Parow, Hermon View topographic map 34 in the area of Swaziland, Johannesburg, Maputo, Vereeniging, Soweto View topographic map 33 in the area of Windhoek, Okazizi, Epako, Sorris-sorris

US military 1:2 000 000 (~1968): 4 maps

$1
Add to cart

View topographic map p04 in the area of Bulawago, Windhoek, Francistown, Livingstone, Phologelo View topographic map q05 in the area of Lesotho, Johannesburg, Maputo, Durban, Pretoria View topographic map q04 in the area of Kimberley, Klipdam, Merriman, Hamab View topographic map r04 in the area of Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, East London, Nyanga, Bellville View topographic map p05 in the area of Harare, Beira, Inhambane, Pembe, Uitkyk

US military 1:1 000 000 (~1980): 5 maps

$1
Add to cart

The Republic of South Africa is a state located in the southernmost part of the African continent. It borders with Namibia in the northwest, with Botswana and Zimbabwe in the north, with Mozambique and Swaziland in the east. The Kingdom of Lesotho is an enclave in the eastern part of the Republic. The eastern and southern coasts of the Republic are washed by the Indian Ocean, the western coasts - by the Atlantic. The total area of the country is 1,220,000 sq km.

Relief. The best part of the state lies on the high flat Karoo plateaus and low mountains (up to 2,500 m), only along the coastline stretches a narrow flatlands stripe, divided from the highlands by the Drakensberg Mountains (the Great Escarpment) and the Cape Mountains.

Mountains. The Great Escarpment is a mountainous arc 2,250 km long rising near the coastal lowlands of South Africa. Each of its parts has its own name: the Kamisberg and the Bokkefeldberg in Namakwaland, the Rohhefeldberg and Komsberg near Sutherland, the Nuvefeldberg near Bofort-West, the Kouefeldberg (2,130 m) and Sniuberge (2,501 m) near Hraff-Reinet and the Stromberg to the north of Queenstown. The highest points of the Great Escarpment are in the Drakensberg Mountains near the eastern border of the Lesotho where in some places they reach more than 3,350 m.The highest peak of the Republic is Engesuti (3,346 m) on the border with the Lesotho. Tkhabana-Ntleniana (3,482 m) in the Drakensberg Mountains is in the Lesotho. This part of the Great Escarpment is a system of serrate piers and deep amphitheatres creating one of the most picturesque landscapes of the Republic of South Africa.

Rivers. The rivers of the Republic of South Africa are short and dry up in the drought season. Shortage of moisture in the major part of the country does not favour the formation of large complexes of lakes and rivers. The major rivers of the country are the Orange, the Vaal and the Limpopo.

National Parks and Reserves. The magnificent national reserves of the country are well-known probably to almost everyone in the world. The Drakenberg Mountains (the highest peak - Tkhabana-Ntleniana, 3,482 m) forming the border with the East Lesotho are a tremendous basalt wall about 250 km long. It is a nice place for active holidays and just wonderfully beautiful scenery.  National parks occupy the major part of the mountainous regions. The most fascinating of them is the Royal-Natal National Park. The southern border of the park is the so-called “Amphitheatre” formed by a fantastically looking 8 km long rock. The famous five-cascade waterfall “Tugela” (948 m) is nearby. Lake St.Lucia and 274 hectares of adjacent territories are put on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Lake Sibaya of 77 sq km is the largest sweet lake in the South Africa. In its neighbourhood are located numerous national reserves: Loteni, Haimvill, Swamp, Giant Castle, Itala, Valley, Ndumo, Mkuzi, Wilderness, the Royal National Park, etc. The eastern part of the country next to the border with Swaziland is largely ossupied by the attractive national parks Umfolozi (over 50 thousand hectares) and Hluhluve.

One of the most luxurious resorts Amlanga Rocks hosts the Shark Research Institute and the protection forest Hauan. The riverside bird park Umgeni is reckoned one of the best in the world.

The North-West Province hosts the Pilanesberg National Park, the national reserves Medkwe, Botsalano, Faan-Meintjies, Wild Animals Breeding Centre in Lihtenburg, the Reptiles and Animals Park in Hartbispurt.

In Kalahari one can visit the Augrabis National Park with its famous two-step waterfall and the magnificent Kalahari-Gemsbok National Park.

The East Cape has numerous interesting national parks and reserves, such as Tsitsikamma, Nature`s Valley, Donkin, Mkambati, the Zebra Mountain National Park and the Addo Elephants National Park.

The Kruger National Park in the West Transvaal is the visiting card of the country. This unique national reserve equal in area to a small country protects the flora and fauna of the savannas and semi-deserts of the southern part of Africa – more than 50 species of fish, 144 species of reptiles, 507 species of birds and 147 species of mammals. It is surrounded by several equally original reserves – Sabi Sand, Skukuza nursery and Manieleti Game.

Sightseeing. The Republic of the South Africa is one of the most peculiar African countries. The luxuriant blend of ancient African cultures and rationalism of freedom-loving European settlers, rich subsoil and majestic nature where penguins live next to antelopes and crocodiles, the “meeting zone” of two oceans and numerous countries make the country one of the most attractive on the continent.

The northwest of the country, the Gauteng Province and the arid Transvaal plateaus are the historical centre of the Republic. In this region of gold veins of Witwatersrand started the colonization of the lands. Here are situated the main cities of the country – Johannesburg and Pretoria. It is actually one giant megalopolis where all the financial, industrial and trade power of the Republic is concentrated.

Durban is one of the major African ports and the centre of the most popular among the tourists all over the world KwaZulu-Natal Province. It is the richest trade city and a luxury resort famous for its bazaars, golden beaches and the nearby Indian Ocean.

The Durban “Golden Mile” (Marine Pereide) where Vasco da Gama  once moored nowadays is the best place for rest, underwater hunting, surfing and other forms of active holidays on the whole continent.

One of the remotest and wildest regions Mpumalanga is the land of the Tsonga people. The region is famous for its dunes which are the highest in the world and its enormous territories with virgin nature.

The extreme south of the country – the famous Cape Peninsula – is a real focus of historical and cultural attractions.

Capetown is the place whare the parliament of the country is situated. It is the capital of the Western Cape Province and one of the most interesting cities in Africa.

Northern Cape is the largest province in the country. This region of the great desert, the unique fauna, marvellous scenery and countless riches of the subsoil attracts numerous guests from around the globe.

Kimberley, the diamond capital of the Republic, has risen around diamond mines. In the centre of the city-museum one can still see the Big Hole – the greatest open mine in the world which initiated the “diamond rush” of the beginning of the century.

Kalahari is one of the most unusual places in the world. It is a desert on the ocean shore, one of the driest places in the world, land of fantastic landscapes and the unique fauna.

Climate. The climate of the Republic of the South Africa is tropical in the north and subtropical in the south. The western coast of the country is washed by the cold Bengal Stream, and the eastern by the warm Mozambique Stream, which alongside with the elevated relief and the coastal mountain ranges favour the formation of the peculiar climate of the country. The average temperature in January is +18°C to +27°C, in July +7°C to +10°C. Depending on the relief of the area even the adjacent regions may have considerable differences in the air temperature. Annual precipitation is of 30-150 mm on the western coast, up to 650 mm in the central plateaus and up to 2,000 mm on the eastern slopes of the Drakenberg Mountains.