Angola - download topographic map set
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Angola is a state in the southwest Africa. The country borders on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia and Namibia. The west of Angola is washed by the Atlantic Ocean. The Angolan coastline is 1,600 km long. The area of the country is of 1,246,700 sq. km. The capital of Angola is Luanda.
Relief. The Atlantic coast of Angola is coastal lowland steeply changing into a plateau that occupies more than 90% of the territory of the state. The central part of the plateau is the Bie massif with the highest peak of the country Mount Moco (2,620 m).
Rivers. The Zambezi is the forth longest river in Africa. Its basin is of 1,570,000 km2, length – 2,574 km. The source of the river is in Zambia.
The Kasai is an affluent of the Congo which runs through Central Africa. The river originates in Angola and creates the border between Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
National reserves and parks. Angola possesses several national parks: Kisama (Bengo), Porto-Alexandri (Iona), Cameia, Mupa, Cuanza Sul, Luando, Milando, Bicuar, Mocamedis.
Sightseeing. Luanda has been the capital of Angola from the colonial times (founded in 1575). The city is famous for its colonial style buildings and pavements covered with wonderful mosaic, and for the fascinating fusion of styles and epochs in its layout and building-up.
In the Namibe region sea, desert and savanna combine to create breathtaking landscape and probably the most favourable climatic conditions on the Angolan coast.
Tombua, another large city on the Namibe region coast, is the state`s second largest demographic centre and the region`s major fishing port.
Approximately 150 km from the capital is the Bibala county – a beautiful natural area famous for its mineral waters with a strong curative effect.
Benguela city possesses one of the best-preserved African colonial forts. It was built in the XVI century to defend the then flourishing slave-trading region.
Tourism. Tourists are attracted to Angola mainly by its natural sights – the almost 1,600 km long oceanic coast, lush tropical forest, picturesque savanna and the Great Namib Desert in the south. In the regions free from military and interethnic conflicts the unique tribes have preserved whose way of life is close to that of the Stone Age, which attracts numerous ethnographic expeditions and eco-tourists. Cultural places of interest are scarce due to the many years` war and the fact that in a five centuries` period millions of natives were removed to the American continent to be sold as slaves.
Climate. The climate of the Angolan coastal lowlands is tropical etesian and arid. On the plateau the climate is equatorial monsoon with long and humid summer (October to May) and dry winter (June to September). Air temperature in different parts of the plateau depending on their altitude varies from +13 - +23°С in winter to +17 - +28°С at the beginning of the rainy season. Annual precipitation on the plateau decreases from 1,000-1,500 mm in the north to 600-800 mm in the south.