Romania - download topographic map set
Total in map set1227 maps of9,8Gb
Updated inJanuary 2015 (added 56 maps)
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Download topographic maps coverage for Google Earth: romania--maps.kmz
The set of topographic maps of Romania contains maps of Eastern Carpathians, Southern Carpathians maps, Moldoveanul maps, Traskeu maps, Metalich maps, Transylvanian Plateau maps and Dobroudja maps. One will download Danube maps, Tisa maps, Ardzhesh maps, Lotru maps, Bistrita maps, Potelu maps, Gryaka maps, Calarasi maps, Bratesh maps and Razelm maps, St. Anne maps. One will find as well Bucharest maps, Danube Valley (Dacia) maps, Buchedzh Range maps, Constanta maps, Brasov maps, Cluj-Napoca maps, Sigishoara maps, Timisoara and Iasi maps. The set also includes Constanta, Mamaia maps, Eforie-Nord maps, Eforie-Sud maps, Tekirgiol maps, Mangalia maps, Olimp maps, Neptun maps, Jupiter maps, Aurora maps, Venus, Kostinesht maps, Sinaia maps, Busteni, Predeal maps, Poiana Brasov maps and Bors maps.
Romania is situated in the south of Europe, in the basin of the Lower Danube. In the east, Romania is washed by the Black Sea. Romania borders on Ukraine, Moldova, Hungary, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria. The area of Romania is 237,500 sq km.
Relief. The territory of Romania is almost equally occupied by medium-size mountains (higher than 800 m), plateau-like hills or uplands (altitude 200-800 m) and lowlands. The Carpathians is the main orographic system, which is divided in Romania into the Eastern Carpathians, the Southern Carpathians and the mountains of western Romania. The country's highest peak is Mount Moldoveanul (2,544 m).
Mountains. The Eastern Carpathians extend from north-west to south-east for about 300 km, with flat-top ranges, up to 2305 m high (Mount Petros in the Rodna Mountains).
The Southern Carpathians extend for 270 km from east to west. They are formed by steep-sloping ridges. Mount Moldoveanul is the highest point of the country, up to 2544 m.
The mountains in the western part of Romania include such plateaus like the Bihor Ridge (up to 1,848 m high) and the highly dissected Traskeu and Metalich Mountain Ranges.
The Transylvanian Plateau is situated between the Southern and the Eastern Carpathians (prevailing elevations of 500-800 m). A strip of heavily dissected foothills winds along the Carpathian Mountains, on their outer side (sometimes more than a height of 1,000 m). To the east lie the Moldovan hills and in the south-east lies the karst Dobroudja Plateau.
Rivers. The main rivers of Romania include the Danube with its tributaries Mures, Prut, Olt and Siresh.
Other rivers flowing through the country include such rivers as the Tisa, the Ardzhesh, the Lotru, the Bistriţa, the Potelu, the Gryaka, the Calarasi, the Bratesh, the Tyrnava-Mika, the Tyrnava-Mare, the Moldova, the Teleorman, the Oltets, the Jiu, the Bega, the Aresh and the Yalomitsa.
Lakes. In Romania, there are about 2,300 small lakes, including a large number of estuaries scattered along the coastline and in the Danube delta. The largest of them is Lake Razelm (an area of 415 sq km). Ancient kar, karstic and landslide lakes have survived in the mountains (Rosa). Lake St. Anne in the Eastern Carpathians is the only lake of volcanic origin in the country (found in the crater of an extinct volcano).
National parks and reserves. There are 13 national parks on the territory of Romania, including Mount Retezat in the Carpathian Mountains, and over 500 nature reserves.
The capital of Romania, Bucharest, lies in the land of ancient Walachia, in the south of the country. Founded in 1459, Bucharest produces a dual impression on visitors. On the one hand, it is an interesting historical center, rich in architecture, with a great number of historical monuments. On the other hand, there are hundreds of buildings of faceless architecture, widespread neglect and desolation, which is in many respects characteristic of the unenviable economic situation throughout the country.
Between the Danube Delta and Carpathian Mountains lies the Danube Valley, ancient Dacia, which is the breadbasket of the country and a large concentration of the country's most interesting monuments. The most easily recognized attraction of the area is the Iron Gates hydropower complex, with its network of reservoirs.
A popular place in the southern Carpathian Mountains, at the foot of the Buchedzh Range, is the Prahova Valley with a large number of resort areas.
The port city of Constanta, the ancient city-state of Tomis (VI cent. BC), lies on the very Black Sea. The city is rich in historical monuments, such as the Roman wall with the Butchers' Tower (6th cent. AD), an Ovid monument, Roman mosaics (3rd-4th cent. AD), the Genoa lighthouse (13th cent.) and the Mosque of Mahmoud II (1910).
The Danube delta region, which lies 70 km north of Constanta, deserves special attention. The Danube, the second longest river in Europe, forms a dense network of rivulets and streams when it falls into the sea. These streams make up a huge marshy area (about 6,000 sq km), which, through the efforts of Romanian environmentalists, has been turned into a UNESCO biosphere reserve.
Brasov, the ancient center of Transylvania, is worth visiting for its exciting monuments of the feudal era.
Cluj-Napoca and the Cluj County is one of the most interesting tourist regions of the country.
The Maramures County deserves special attention - it is one of the most mountainous areas in the country and it is extremely rich in mineral waters. The most prominent attraction of the area is Chimitirul-Veselí (Merry Cemetery) in Sepynets.
The ancient Transylvanian town of Sigishoara, the birthplace of Vlad Cepesh, is one of the most picturesque cities in the country. The town is situated in the Mures County.
Timisoara, the capital of the Timish County, is another well-preserved old town.
Moldova is the north-eastern area of the country. This is an ancient land with an impressive collection of cultural monuments, many of which are on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Iasi, the capital of Moldova since 1564, is considered the most romantic city of Romania. Each of Moldova's many rulers left their trace in the city by erecting a monument.
Tourism. A huge recreational potential of Romania is undeniable; here there is a large concentration of spa areas (about a third of all mineral and thermal waters of Europe), beautiful mountain chains and a long sea coast (245 km). However, most of the Black Sea coast in Romania is occupied by the Danube Delta with its large number of streams, marshes and canals. The Danube, to a great regret, is the most polluted river in Europe, which does not add to the popularity of beach tourism in the delta area. Thus, only 70 km of beaches in the southern part of the Romanian coast (near the border with Bulgaria) are suitable for beach tourism.
Black Sea resort areas include Constanta, Mamaia, Eforie-Nord, Eforie-Sud, Tekirgiol, Mangalia, Olimp, Neptun, Jupiter, Aurora, Venus, Kostinesht and others, which enjoy immense popularity.
In Romania, there are a number of balneological resorts, such as Felix Baile, Baile Herkulane, Baile Olenesht, Baile Govora, Eforie-Nord (mud baths in Lake Tekirgiol), Azuga, Bryaza, Rynka, Vatra Dornei, Veleny de Munthe, Calimanesti-Kechulata, Kaye, Slenik, Sovata, Dureu, Kovasna, or “The Spa of Thousands of Springs”, Baile Tushnad, Sinaia, Balvantosh, Buziash and Djeoadju Bai.
In Romania, ski resorts of special interest include Sinaia, Busteni, Predeal, Poiana Brasov, Bors, Vatra-Dornei, Dureu, Styna de Vale, Azuga, Pyryul-Reche, Timishu de Sus, Timishu-de-Jos and Sechele.
The Carpathians offer a lot of opportunities for hiking trips, especially in the Fagaras and Buchegi Ranges, situated west and south of Brasov respectively. Well-trodden paths wind through all of Romania's mountain chains and low-lying hills. In Romania, there are wonderful caves, but many of them are inaccessible for people. Other popular kinds of tourism are rock climbing and mountain cycling.
Climate. The climate of Romania is temperate continental, while the eastern part of the country is dominated by the maritime climate. The average January temperature ranges from 0°C to -5°C in the plains and up to -10°C in the mountains, while in July it varies from +20°C to +23°C. Rainfall reaches 300-700 mm a year (up to 1500 mm in the mountains).