Somalia - download topographic map set
Total in map set171 maps of0,3Gb
Updated inJanuary 2015 (added 35 maps)
In order to view additional information go to images of maps coverage and click on the map square concerned. The latest added maps are indicated in yellow.
Download topographic maps coverage for Google Earth: somalia--maps.kmz
The topographic map set of Somali includes Warsanjeli maps, Migiurtinia Mountains maps, Surub maps, Ogaden and Haud Plateau maps, Shimber Berris maps, Jaeyl maps, Juba and Webi Shebelle maps. The set features as well Mogadishu maps, Kismayu National Park maps and maps of Hargeysa Park.
Somalia is a country situated on the Somali Peninsula in North-East Africa and it is bordered by the Gulf of Aden in the north and the Indian Ocean in the east and south. Somalia is bounded by Djibouti in the north-west, Ethiopia in the west and Kenya in the south-west. The area of Somalia is 638,000 sq km.
Relief. Somalia is dominated by a flat terrain. In the north, in the interfluve of the Juba and the Webi Shebelle Rivers, the dominant relief feature are plateaux 500-1500 m high, mainly composed of sandstones and limestones. Depressions in the plateaux, called ballehas, accumulate rainwater, which is a source of drinking water. These plateaux are separated by shallow wide valleys (the Nugaal Valley, the Daror Valley, etc.), which connect the hinterland to the coast. The area is towered by the Warsanjeli and the Migiurtinia Mountains (the highest point is Mount Surud Ad, 2,407 m). In the north and the south-east, the Somali plateaux are flanked by lowlands.
Mountains. Much of Somalia is occupied by the vast Ogaden Plateau with an average altitude of about 900 m. It rises gradually in the north, forming the Haud Plateau. Along the northern coast, an elevated edge of a plateau extends from the city of Hargeysa to Cape Gvardafuy (Ras Aseyr). The highest peak of the country, Mount Shimber Berris (2,407 m), is situated in the Surud Ad Range in the Sanaag Region. Mount Tauauir reaches a height of 2,004 m.
Rivers. The rivers flowing in the region include the Jaeyl, the Juba and the Webi Shebelle.
National parks and Reserves. The parks on the territory of Somalia include the Kismayu National Park, located in the south-west of the country, and the Hargeysa Park in the north.
Sightseeing. There are numerous monuments of ancient civilizations scattered across the country, from ancient Egyptian, Phoenician to Coptic churches to the settlements of ancient Punt mentioned in the Phoenician tablets.
The main tourist attractions are concentrated in the capital, Mogadishu, a city founded by Arab colonists around the 12th century. They include: the museum in the Garesa Palace built in the 19th century by the Sultan of Zanzibar, a 13th-century mosque and a lot of beautiful buildings typical of Afro-Arab architecture, with patterned walls and shady courtyards, many of which, unfortunately, are half-ruined or in a terrible condition.
Flora and Fauna. The vegetation is rather sparse in Somalia - grass burned by the scorching sun, prickly bushes and acacia trees. There are plants common in the mountainous areas, which are used to produce precious natural resins - frankincense and myrrh. In the south, the plant life is dominated by eucalyptus, mahogany and spurge. The animal life found in Somalia includes crocodiles, elephants, leopards and lions, zebras and a large number of ungulates as well as a lot of snakes.
Climate. Somalia has a subequatorial monsoon climate as well as a tropical arid and semiarid climate in the north. The winter temperature reaches +23°C - +24°C, while the summer temperature rises to +34°C. Total annual rainfall is as little as 200-300 mm, while only in the south-east it reaches 600 mm, mainly during the wet season from April to July.