Taymyr - download topographic map set
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Updated inJanuary 2015 (added 33 maps)
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The Taymyr Peninsula is the utmost northern peninsula of Asia, which is located between the Yenisei Gulf of the Kara Sea and the Hatanga Gulf of the Laptev Sea. Based on the types of surface area, it is divided into three parts: the North-Siberian lowlands, the Byrranga Mountains (up to 1,146 m high), extending from the south-west to the north-east, and the coastal plain along the coastline of the Kara Sea.
Historical Facts. The first Russian pioneers appeared in the Taymyr in the early 17th century. The brave adventurers came here for animal fur. In 1667, a small settlement called Dudinka sprung up on the northern Yenisei and now it is the capital of the vast Taymyr National Region.
Rivers. The largest rivers of the Taymyr Peninsula are: the Pyasina, the Upper and Lower Taymyr and the Khatanga.
Lakes. The largest lakes in the Taymyr Region include: Pyasino, Lama, Melkoye and Taymyr (4,560 sq km), the second largest lake in Russia after Lake Baikal.
Cities. The largest cities of the Taymyr Peninsula include:
- Dudinka, the administrative center of the Taymyr (Dolgano-Nenets) Autonomous Region;
- Norilsk, one of the five most northern cities of the world;
- Talnakh, the satellite city of Norilsk, located 24 kilometres north of Norilsk;
- Kayerkan, located 30 km from Norilsk;
- Snezhnogorsk, located on the Khantaika River, 50 km from the mouth of the Khantai water reservoir, 160 km south of Norilsk.
Tourism. The Plutorana and the Anabara Plateaus, the area of Khantai Lakes, the north-eastern part of the Byrranga Mountains attract tourists thanks to their unique beauty. Travelling along the Kotui River, Lakes Pyasino and Taymyr and in the Khatanga Valley is also extremely popular with tourists. The Taymyr Region is also famous for its settlements built in the most extreme natural conditions. But the greatest adventure in Taymyr is hidden in the Arctic Ocean coast. Due to its remoteness from people's settlements, harsh climate and complex orographic structure, this area offers highly complicated tourist routes. River rafting is also extremely popular.
Hunting. In Taymyr, people hunt mostly for the wild reindeer, the migratory goose, the polar wolf and the brown bear. Wild deer hunting is also quite popular.
Fishing. The Taymyr area is rich in fish - over 40 species in lakes and rivers. Whitefish and salmon are particularly valuable. The main commercial species of fish include omul, cisco, broad whitefish and other types of whitefish.
Educational Tourism. In terms of the area covered by reserves, the Taymyr region (10%) comes first among all the regions of Russia. In Taymyr, there are three state reserves: the Taymyr Biospheric reserve, the Putorana reserve and the Bolshoi (Big) Arctic reserve, Russia's largest natural park. Other natural preserves include the Severozemelski federal natural reserve, the Brekhovskie Islands natural reserve and Bunisyak, a private natural park, which was created near Lake Lama.
Sightseeing. The most famous sights include: a monument to the legendary N. Begichev and the Norwegian seafarer Tessim on the Island of Dickson, a group of monuments at Cape Chelyuskin and on the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago and a memorial complex near Mount Schmidt in Norilsk. The region is inhabited by indigenous peoples, such as Dolgans, Nenets, Nganasans, Entsy, Evenki, who try to retain their unique ethnic identity.
Climate. The climate is very severe with temperature variations from -20°C in winter to +18°C in summer. The average annual rainfall ranges from 110 to 350 mm a year.