Cart empty
My Cart
Checkout
 

Radical change in the views on military use of maps in Europe was caused by a new system of tactics. It consists in usage against linear pattern of the enemy extended forward order of shooters, followed by a martial column. In the beginning of 19th century European countries quickly trained their armies on a new pattern and organized a special military topographic service.

A new problem arose in regard of depicting relief. Large-scale maps without representation of relief details became almost useless to the army. Maps outdated in technical parameter. In the second half of the 19th century topographic maps of Europe have found new applications in engineering, in railway construction, geological survey, etc. and thus they should have geometrically accurate rendition of relief through replacement of strokes by horizontals. The development of artillery weapons generated a need to determine on topographic maps along with the distance - the height of goals. Thus, it was necessary to repeat the surveys to meet new demands.

Great influence on the improvement of maps and cost-cutting of the print in Europe had an introduction of photographic equipment and lithography (printing from flat plates) instead of expensive and time-consuming engraving, in which the printing plate was produced manually by cutting the chart pattern on the metal. The transition to lithography allowed making multicolor maps.

As a result, during the second half of the 19th century many European countries began the second round of topographical surveys.

Major advance in the development of military cartography has been made in the 19th century in Russia. Triangulation, topographic progression serves as a source for the compilation and publication of new maps, among which the most prominent is a three-verst map of European Russia, launched in 1845.

Map selector

Select

Customer feedback

"A good selection of historic, high quality maps at very reasonable cost."

USA, Tod Weitzel

"The site is a real goldmine for anyone who loves the nature and loves to go fishing - detailed maps is a must!"

Denmark, Lars

Leave your feedback ...

News

Millennial Features of Maps. Old Times
Maps - is a product on which worked countless people for more than six thousands of years. ...
Digital cartography and GPS navigation 17.02.2017

The illusions of brain. Map projections
Distortions of space in Mercator In fact, Africa is larger in area than the US, China, India and ...
Digital cartography and GPS navigation 5.02.2017

Applied drone cartography
Rapid development of drones contributed to modern cartography as it appears to be a great tool to create very ...
Digital cartography and GPS navigation 1.02.2017

13 million of declassified CIA documents online: full-text search
By law Freedom of Information Act the Central Intelligence Agency since ...
Digital cartography and GPS navigation 26.01.2017

Found 5,000-year-old rock - one of the world's earliest maps
A mysterious stone found by archeology students during a summer dig on the ...
Digital cartography and GPS navigation 15.11.2016

Number, density and population growth in the world
On the 1st of January 2016 the Earth's population reached 7,295,889,256 people, at the ...
Digital cartography and GPS navigation 2.11.2016

Change of "liveability" rating of cities from 2011 to 2016
  The rating is influenced by such factors as safety, health, education, infrastructure development and other factors.
Digital cartography and GPS navigation 26.10.2016

All news ...
 

Top10 downloaded map sets

Romania

56 maps of0,8Gb
7 €
Add to cart

Ukraine

65 maps of0,8Gb
7 €
Add to cart

Austria

4 maps of53Mb
1 €
Add to cart

Germany

2 maps of10Mb
1 €
Add to cart

Czech Republic

19 maps of0,2Gb
2-4 €
Add to cart

Carpathian

130 maps of1,9Gb
11 €
Add to cart

Poland

215 maps of1,6Gb
7-21 €
Add to cart

Slovakia

47 maps of0,7Gb
5 €
Add to cart

Hungary

11 maps of0,1Gb
3 €
Add to cart

Alps

1 maps of15Mb
1 €
Add to cart