4th December, 1674 Marquette founded the first European settlement
19th November, 1875 was born Hiram Bingham
18th November, 1832 was born Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld
14th November, 1963 the island Surtsey was founded
11th November, 1729 was born Louis Antoine comte de Bougainville
9th September, 1791 the capital of the United States was founded
On the 9th of September, 1791 on the map of the world appeared a city called Washington. “Federal City” was officially given the name of George Washington, the first president of the United States of America (1789-1797).
By studying the first map, you can see that the construction of the future capital was carried out on the left bank of the Potomac River on the border of Virginia and Maryland , which lost part of its territory. The territory for the city was determined by the president himself, however, he was not going to give the city his own name . Development of the project was entrusted to the French architect Pierre Charles Langfang, that laid the special character to the city with large squares and wide streets, baroque architecture .
Government agencies moved here only after the death of the first president, in the late 1800 and on 17th of November the first session of Congress was heldin the city.
Modern map of the United States shows that Washington is a member of the District of Columbia , the boundaries of which are aligned with the city. Herewith, the capital of the United States of America is an independent territory and is not related to any of the states.
The population of the city is slightly more than 600,000 people, but in working weekdays it increases up to 1,000,000.This Day in History 09-09-2013