4th December, 1674 Marquette founded the first European settlement
19th November, 1875 was born Hiram Bingham
18th November, 1832 was born Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld
14th November, 1963 the island Surtsey was founded
11th November, 1729 was born Louis Antoine comte de Bougainville
16thSeptember, 1915 way from Vladivostok to Arkhangelsk was passed
On the 16th of September, 1915 for the first time in the history of navigation hydrographic expedition led by Arctic explorer Boris Vilkitski made a gap to the west along the Northern Sea Route. Journey took place on two icebreakers "Vaygach" and "Taimyr".
The map of the navigation shows that the expedition started on July 7, 1914. After two months and up to the9th of July, 1915hydrographers were captured in the ice in the Gulf of Toll in the Taimyr Peninsula, where they continued to conduct research. The team then continued the expedition to the west and arrived in Arkhangelsk.
The result of the expedition was the research of currents, prevailing winds, the depth of the northern seas, condition and thickness of the ice. Scientists have also described numerous capes, made maps with updated coordinates of the southern coast of Severnaya Zemlya archipelago, discovered the strait, which later was named after the leader of the expedition.This Day in History 16-09-2013