4th December, 1674 Marquette founded the first European settlement
19th November, 1875 was born Hiram Bingham
18th November, 1832 was born Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld
14th November, 1963 the island Surtsey was founded
11th November, 1729 was born Louis Antoine comte de Bougainville
23th September, 1913 the French pilot Roland Garros first ever flew over the Mediterranean Sea
Roland Garros (October 6, 1888 - October 5, 1918) - French aviator during World War II.
In 1913, he became the first pilot who crossed the Mediterranean Sea. After the outbreak of war he joined the French army. Since both it was too difficult to control plane and the aim, he was the first to combine gun with the longitudinal axis of the aircraft, and proposed a design that allowed to shoot a machine gun located behind the lead screw. For this he used reflective shields on the blades of the propeller.
April 18, 1915 Roland Garros was shot down and spent a prisoner of war until February 1918, when he managed to escape. In October of the same year he was again shot down and killed.
The name of the pilot received tennis complex in Paris, home of the French Open tennis tournament. Championship itself is also often called the tournament "Roland Garros".This Day in History 23-09-2014