Navigation system on the moon
The European Space Agency announced a tender called "Navigation on the Moon on a weak signal from the GNSS". The aim of this project - is, above all, the use of Galileo (satellite navigation system project of the European Space Agency and the European Union) for navigation and location of moon rovers, computer-equipped stations and vehicles such as the Earth-Moon.
The question of whether ESA plans to explore the Moon is still open. Back in 2004 the agency launched on the Moon's orbit an automatic station SMART-1 (Small Missions for Advanced Research in Technology). This automatic interplanetary station was created as an experimental instrument for testing advanced technologies and exploration of the Moon. We also know that the machine was equipped with a micro camera to shoot the Moon's surface, but the mission SMART-1 was not covered in the news.
In 2018 the ESA is going to send a moonship, designed to explore the landscape of the Moon and to test the latest technology, including the GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems). All that is done to locate manned stations on the lunar surface. This can be achieved thanks to the almost continuous sunshine and possibility to get access to the water.
It is noted that the project also involves the National aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and U.S. Department of Defense, that controls the border of the space area within which navigation services work. At present, this area comprises 36,000 kilometers from the Earth.Digital cartography and GPS navigation 27-04-2012