Description to topographic map set Far East
Topographic map set Far East has now a short reference article. In this article one will find information about the relief of Far East: about main mountain ranges, plateaus and plains. Also one will get to know what seas wash Far East and what rivers and lakes are situated in Far East territory. The article also contains information about main cities of Far East.
The Far East is the most remote and the least accessible part of Russia. The territory of the Far East includes the Republic of Sakha-Yakutia, Khabarovsk Territory, Primorye Territory, the Amur oblast, the Sakhalin oblast, the Kamchatka oblast and the Magadan oblast. The total area of the Far East is 6.2 million sq km (about 36 per cent of the Russian territory). The population of the region is 6.8 million people.
Most of the Far East is covered by low plateaus and highlands. The Far East is rich in sea, ocean and land resources. The rivers of the Far East mostly belong to the basins of two major rivers – the Lena and the Amur. In the Far East there are many small lakes (about 300 lakes have a surface area of over 2 sq km), the largest of which is Lake Khanka.
The largest cities of the Far East include:
- Khabarovsk, the official capital of the Far East;
- Vladivostok, the biggest city and largest port city of the Far East;
- Komsomolsk-on-the-Amur, a major industrial centre;
- Anadyr, the centre of the Chukotsky Autonomous District;
- Birobidzhan, a small town on the Birekh River, near the Trans-Siberian Railway;
- Blagoveshchensk, the centre of the Amur oblast;
- Magadan, the centre of the Magadan oblast;
- Nakhodka, the most important port of the Far East;
- Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, the principal city of Kamchatka;
- Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, an oblast centre on the Sakhalin Island;
- Yakutsk, the capital of Yakutia.