Description to topographic map set Carpathian
Topographic map set Carpathian has now a short reference article. In this article one will find detailed description of relief and territorial division of Carpathians. Also one will get to know what rivers and lakes are situated in Carpathians. Besides one will find information about what natural and cultural sights are popular among tourists in Carpathian and what flora and fauna is typical for this region. Especially for tourists there are descriptions of popular kinds of tourism and places for active rest in Carpathians. There is a detailed description of climate in Carpathian as well.
The large mountain system of the Carpathian Range begins near Bratislava (Slovakia) and ends at the south-east of Romania. The Carpathian Mountains extend over 1,500 km. They form an arch, which compasses the Middle lowlands from three sides. The width of the Carpathian Mountains is 240 km in north-west, 340 kilometres in the south-west and 100-120 km in the north-east. Orographically, the Carpathians are divided into the western Carpathians, the eastern Carpathians (which include the Ukrainian Carpathians) and the southern Carpathians. This mountain range also includes the Western Romanian Mountains (adjacent to the northern and the southern Carpathians) and the vast Transylvanian Plateau.
The Carpathian Range is one of the main watersheds in Europe. The basins of the rivers Vistula and Odry that cover a large part of the northern slopes of the Carpathian Mountains supply water for the Baltic Sea. There are very few lakes in the Carpathian Mountains. Most often these are highland lakes found at the bottom of ancient cirques.
The climate in the Carpathian region is temperate, transitional from the maritime to the continental climate. High mountains protect the region from cold northern winds and the humid temperate continental climate of the area is accountable for its warm summers and mild winters. The maximum summer temperature is +40 °C, while the minimum winter temperature is -32 °C. The precipitation ranges from 642 mm to 1,411 mm.
In the Carpathians are popular following types of tourism:
- Climbing in the area of Mount Goverla;
- Rafting along the Prut, the Cheremoshch and the Stry rivers;
- Alpine skiing at the Slavske, Bukovel, Volovets, Podobovets, Vorokhta, Yablunitsa, Krasiya, Tysovets, Sinyak and Dragobrat resorts;
- Walking tours;
- Cycling tours;
The major attractions of the Carpathian Mountains include:
- The Trans-Carpathian Museum of Architecture and Folk Life, the History Museum in Uzhhorod Castle, the Bohdan Lepky Museum, the Persecuted Church Museum and the Dolina Museum of Local History “Boykovschina”;
- Lake Sinevirskoye, one of the most beautiful highland lakes in the Carpathians;
- The Narcissus Valley;
- Mount Goverla, the highest peak of the Ukrainian Carpathians;
- Lake Nesamovite, the highest mountain lake in the Carpathians;
- Dzhublik, a unique chapel.