4th December, 1674 Marquette founded the first European settlement
19th November, 1875 was born Hiram Bingham
18th November, 1832 was born Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld
14th November, 1963 the island Surtsey was founded
11th November, 1729 was born Louis Antoine comte de Bougainville
15th February, 1493 Christopher Columbus met with the Indians
On the 15th of February, 1493 Columbus wrote to the King a letter telling about the newly discovered lands and locals.
It is no secret that when mapping his expedition, Columbus devised the shortest western route to India. In 1843 he sent a letter with maps to the Portuguese King John II, but after long consideration the project was rejected. This did not stop Columbus to achieve his goal: from 1492 to 1504 he led four expeditions and researches at the order of the Spanish King. He drew a map of his travels and kept a logbook thanks to which detailed descriptions of expeditions had survived.
Having discovered the America, Columbus mistook it for the Eastern part of India, and called locals "los Indios", which literally translates as "Indians".
Native American ancestors came from North-East Asia about 12,000 years ago. However, with the arrival of Europeans, the number of Indians declined sharply, many tribes have disappeared from the face of the earth. For example, on some Caribbean islands (Cuba), the Indians did not remain at all.This Day in History 15-02-2013